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Dental caries and diet


Once, the sugar was considered an exceptional food and was reserved for the sick or consumed during the holiday season. It became a food consumed every day since the development of the industrial production of sugar, he y a century. For a long time, dental caries was that adults, and she began to reach children in parallel to the development of the sugar industry.

Today it is a disease that affects mostly children, adolescents and young adults; its frequency decreases after 40 years. It is a public health problem that has a very significant cost. In France, at the age of 6 years, two thirds of the children already have at least a decay.

Sugar and carie good household

Carie detainment et sentimentalization is a phenomenon of demoralization of the hard tissues of the tooth (enamel, dentin, cementum), caused by the acidic environment created sugars made by food and certain bacteria in dental plaque. Sugar consumption is therefore a key element of the formation of caries. The sugars the most “cariogenic” are fast sugars, including sucrose, main component of sugar cane and sugar beet. It is the most used in confectionery. Then came the (industrially produced from corn, used in baking) glucose, fructose (fruit sugar), lactose (milk sugar) and starch (slow sugar grains and starches), which is much less cariogenic.

An innate attraction to the sweet taste

The taste for sugar is innate from birth infants prefer water sweetened with pure water. He prefers the “strong” sugars, sucrose and fructose, to “low” sugars. This predominance for the sugar will gradually diminish with the acquisition of new tastes, the bitter longer to be accepted.

Long sugar remains a food for the child to share. It has a calming effect and is the easiest way to calm him down. Causing a secretion of endorphins, it would result in a certain dependence, demonstrated by difficult withdrawal of the sweet bottle of evening…

Hereditary caries?

Sweet water and other sugary drinks (sodas, fruit juices) given to the baby bottle to feed or calm him down are directly responsible for the “bottle caries”. These multiple cavities of the upper teeth, caused by prolonged contact with liquid Sweet teeth are typical of the young child.

Adolescent observed “astonishing caries”, as the young permanent teeth are less mineralized and allow the rapid development of decay, which is at a very advanced stage.

The genetic inheritance of the decay is not proven; the frequency of caries in some families is rather due to transmission of eating behaviors, with a high consumption of confectionery in childhood.

Sugar has a high symbolic and emotional value in children: it rewards and it deprives children of candy… it is difficult to remove the sugar but can limit it and especially form the taste of other flavours.

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