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Cardiac arrest


The heart is a hollow pear shaped muscular organ located between the lungs. It ensures the circulation of the blood in the body, allowing the cells to receive oxygen and nutrients. This movement is essential to life. Heart failure causes the death of the victim in the short term. React!

In a cardiac arrestif no gesture of relief is realized immediately, and if relief did not occur, the victim’s life is threatened in the short term. Any victim must have an external heart massage associated with artificial ventilation so that its survival is maintained pending the arrival of relief. The recommendations come from change recently. They are specified by PR. Pierre Carli, Chief of the Samu de Paris and president of the French Council of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CFRC).

Cardiac arrest 3

How to react?
The new recommendations focus on the simplification of the gestures: resuscitation, there is no time to lose because every minute is counted and paid by a loss of chance of survival. “The new recommendations do plus all the distinctions of situation (adult/children) taught previously. In the absence of signs of life, began cardiopulmonary resuscitation without asking any question, on the basis of 30 chest compressions to 2 breaths”said Pr Pierre Carli.
First case: the victim complains of a pain in the chest.

-Speak up right away!
-Put it to rest.
-The question: how long do you feel this pain? Is this the first time? Do you take drugs? Were you hospitalized?
Call 15 (UAS).
-Reassure it.
-Second case: the victim is unconscious, but she is breathing normally. Have good reflexes!

-Tilt his head back and pull up the Chin.
-Check his breathing (stomach and chest rise).
-Turn to the side.
-Call the 15 (UAS).
-Watch until the arrival of relief.
Third case: the victim is unconscious, unresponsive, not breathing (or abnormally)
Practice gestures which save immediately!

-Shake the victim.
-If it does not respond, do not move or bizarrely, it’s cardiac arrest.
-The diagnosis is should be: call 15 (UAS).
-Tilt the head back.
-Start cardiopulmonary resuscitation:
-Do 30 massages (cuts in the middle of the chest).
-Blow twice;
-Alternate the breaths and compressions until help arrived.
If the victim moves or cough, check that it breathes and place it on the side.

“Unlike the old recommendations, the breaths are short (1 second instead of 2) and CPR should now begin, except in young children, with a sequence of cardiac massage – for several reasons: firstly because the body has to cardiac arrest from a stock of oxygenated blood flowing, but the heart massage will circulate;” “then because the needs in terms of oxygen are lower, because the cardiac output is low” says Pr Carli.

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